Destinations / Malta

Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

“The legs go where the heart goes”

Maltese proverb
Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

Mdina, Malta, is for curious travelers. It is a city that will capture your imagination and, as a result, leave you in awe. It is known as the “Silent City” because it became uninhabited after the 1565 Great Siege of Malta. The government stripped it of its capital status and gave it to present-day Vittoriosa. People started leaving Mdina behind, and it became almost a ghost town. Therefore, the “Silent City” nickname refers to the lack of inhabitants. Mdina has a small population (about 500 people) living within the city walls. As you stroll through the city in the evening, an eerie silence remains.

The town of Mdina has a rich, turbulent, and unique history. It fell into the hands of several different empires. From the Romans to the Arabs, many rulers governed this town. They not only governed it but also made it prosperous in their time. That’s why you can feel the amalgamation of many different cultures in its attractions today. Even the name Mdina is a metamorphic form of Arabic.

Mdina is next to Rabat city, contributing excellent cultural-historical value. Rabat’s history traces back 4000+ years and attracts thousands of tourists yearly. When tourists visit Mdina, they usually spend some time in Rabat because it has more cafes and many exciting things to see.

Where is Mdina, and how do you get there?

Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

Most people arrive in Malta by plane at the international airport or by ferry from Italy, but Valetta is also a stop on many Mediterranean cruises. Once in the country, traveling to Mdina is quick as the island is tiny.

Mdina is located near the center of the island nation of Malta. As you approach, Mdina’s immense ancient ramparts rise from the surrounding countryside. No matter how prepared you are for the view, it still takes your breath away, and you may call out, “Pullover; I need to take pics.” As was the case with us, many people will join you along the roadside. It is no less impressive at night versus day. As you approach, the town has a fairy-tale charm, which will only grow stronger as you enter.

We had a rental car and parked in a pay lot right next to the main gate of Mdina. Those car lots are likely busy at peak season. There are no cars within the city walls of Mdina except for residents.

Taxis are an option in Malta but can be pricey. Most visitors will come to this city from Valletta, a walled town with a rich history of its own. If you are coming by bus, you must catch bus 51 from Valletta. It will take you straight to Mdina in 30 minutes and is an absolute bargain at $2.


The town of Rabat adjoins the ancient capital city of Mdina. It has a more chill vibe that permeates both districts. Rabat also has some ancient parts, but it is also a modern and happening place. On Saturday, there’s a popular farmers’ market in the main square of Rabat.

After our visit to Mdina, it was obvious there was a busy nightlife with many well-dressed young professionals walking around looking for a fun night. Rabat is known for its culinary options, and you will also have more accommodation choices here than in Mdina.

Map of Mdina Malta

Considering a trip to Malta? Check out our Malta Country Guide.

Mdina and Malta’s Turbulent History

Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

Malta has a long history of occupations due to its strategic location in the Mediterranean Sea. Even Napoleon and Hitler occupied the island. Mdina’s elevated location in the center of the island made it highly desirable for the rulers. From Mdina, you can view the whole island and the sea, providing warnings about enemies approaching.

The ancient fortified town of Mdina dates back to the Bronze Age, ~2000 BC. The impressive fortifications were built by the many occupiers Malta has known, including the Romans, Arabs, Normans, Spaniards, and Knights of St John. Through St Paul’s shipwreck, Mdina, at the time named Melite, can be found in the Bible!

Mdina was the old capital city of Malta when the Phoenicians occupied it. The Romans subsequently conquered Malta in 218 BC. The Eastern Romans/Byzantines acquired the island in the 6th century AD. The city’s footprint was much larger back then, its walls enclosing a large part of neighboring Rabat. The Byzantines reduced its size in an attempt to make it more defensible. The Byzantines were overrun by Arab forces around 870 AD, who then changed the city’s name to Mdina.

In 1090 AD, the Normans took over, bringing Christianity back to Malta. As a result, many noble families settled in Mdina. But the occupations were not over. The Normans were followed by the Germans, which were followed by the Angevins from France. The Maltese noble families grew in stature after a 1482 Royal Charter 1482 from King Alfonso V confirmed the right of the Maltese people to hold a degree of independence. As a result, local government and a university were established in Mdina.

Mdina’s Knights of the Military Order of Saint John

Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

When the Knights of the Military Order of Saint John arrived on the island around 1530, Malta’s self-governing power was lost. As a result, resentment grew among the nobles. The Knights, though, found Mdina’s fortifications weak, and the Knights wanted to be closer to the harbor, so they made their base Birgu. This left the nobles isolated in Mdina, but the city lost its capital status. In the following years, the Knights were in constant battle with the Islamic Ottoman Empire over the rule of the Mediterranean. It came to a head in 1565 in the form of the Great Siege. The Ottomans tried to take Mdina but retreated when the city fired its cannon.

Only after the highly destructive earthquake of 1693 did the Knights of St John move back to Mdina. In 1722, Grand Master Vilhena ordered the restoration of Mdina. French architect de Mondion was tasked with introducing many French Baroque elements to the city. Most of the fortifications and the city gates were completely redone.

The French invaded Malta in 1798, which led to a two-year uprising and blockade that led the Maltese people to set up a National Assembly, which met in Mdina. In 1800, the French surrendered, and as a result, Malta became a British protectorate.

Mdina – Interesting Facts

  • Did you know that Mdina was also introduced as the King’s Landing in Game of Thrones? This reason alone attracts many tourists to this town.
  • Mdina’s location has also been used in other major films and TV series. For example, the structure and sights of this town can be seen in Cutthroat Island, Treasure Hunt, The Sign of Four, and Agora.
  • The city was nearly destroyed after a devasting earthquake in Sicily in 1693. Surprisingly, no civilians were killed.
  • Although it is a small town, it welcomes more than 700,000 tourists annually.
  • Most tourists know this place as the “Silent City” but don’t know that it is also known as the “Noble City” (Citta’ Notabile). In the 12th century, aristocratic families from different regions and cultures lived in Mdina and built beautiful royal buildings according to their status. This is why Mdina is also one of the prime examples of a walled city.
Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide
  • It is located on the top of the highest hill in Malta. The ancient rulers of this town were aware of its strategic location, so they made it a noble city, giving it high status. If you visit this place, you will also understand the importance of the location. However, this top-of-the-hill position also has a downside for Mdina. A little autumn wind will make you feel chilly.
  • Tourists cannot use cars in the city, but residents within the walls can use their vehicles.
  • Mdina has many old buildings, but the most famous church in the middle of town is not as old. This is because the earthquake of 1693 destroyed the original church. The church you see today was redesigned by Lorenzo Gafa (a professional sculptor and architect who built many other churches).
  • This small town also has its own soccer team called “Mdina Knights.”

Where should you go on your next overseas adventures? Check out our Country Travel Guides to help guide you

Top 16 Things to Do in Mdina


First, you need to understand that Mdina is a tiny town. As you pass through its main gate, you discover its silence, ancient buildings, and enchanting alleyways. You won’t find many tourist shops here; there are just a handful of little stores, an ice cream shop, and some restaurants. There is a laid-back and calming vibe, a respect for place that is refreshing to see.

Therefore, you can walk most of this walled city in 30 minutes, but both times, we found ourselves just drawn in by its magic. We spent much longer, especially in the evening. It is easy to fully absorb yourself photographing Mdina. The various gates and the exterior are well worth exploring as well.

  1. Visit the impressive St Paul’s Cathedral. Dedicated to the Patron Saint of Malta, St Paul’s Cathedral is Baroque in style and was built during the 17th century after the original was destroyed in the devastating 1693 earthquake, after taking in the Cathedral museum next door.
  • Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide
  • Mdina
  • Mdina
  • Mdina
  • Mdina
  • Mdina
  • Mdina
  • Mdina

2. Check out the intricate maze street plan. It is the most obvious influence of the Arab occupation, modeling an old Islamic urban design. We found ourselves fascinated with the streets, especially in the evening.

Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

3. See the magnificent Palazzo Falson Historic House Museum. The museum is located in a medieval townhouse and was a family residence for the Maltese nobility. It is named after the Falson family. It has seventeen rooms of historic domestic belongings and several antique collections.

4. Want to see Mdina’s prison life? Visit Mdina’s Dungeons. They have an extensive collection of instruments of torture. Wander through the authentic passageways and chambers that run under the Vilhena Palace, with sound effects of the dark side of medieval Mdina.

5. Slowly wander the streets and admire the architecture the noble families built. Do not let those tiny doors deceive you; they lead to properties with vast interiors. Maybe you will catch a glimpse when the resident leaves for errands.

Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

6. Are you a Game of Thrones fan? This will be special for you. As you approach Mdina gate, you’ll see sculptures of weapons, lions guarding the gate, and Grandmaster de Vilhena’s crest, which is seen in the show as Kings Landing.

7. Find an event at Palazzo de Piro. This 17th-century imposing structure is huddled in the bastions of Mdina and the nearby majestic baroque St Paul’s Cathedral. This magnificent Palace offers one of the most spectacular panoramas of the Maltese coastline. There’s always something happening at the Palazzo, from live jazz nights to art exhibitions. Click here for the event schedule.

8. Spend a romantic evening at the De Mondion Restaurant in 17th-century Xara Palace. This is in one of only two hotels in Mdina. We did not visit the restaurant, but the reviews are glowing, and the views are stunning.

9. Travel back in time with the Knights of Malta Experience to discover the epic history of Malta. Great options for kids as it brings to life the characters that play roles in the turbulent history of Malta.

Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

10. Stroll through the lush, green Buskett Gardens. Originally planted as a hunting ground by the Knights of Malta, it is now an excellent place to picnic and relax. Grab some food in Rabat, relax, and enjoy the gorgeous setting.

11. Stop by the National Museum of Natural History, located in an 18th-century Vilhena palace that was also once a hospital for cholera sufferers and British troops during the 19th century and tuberculosis patients in the early 20th century, 

Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

12. Walk down the dimly lit streets after dark to see the private residences where only a handful of residents live. Silence permeates the air, and you understand quickly why it still keeps its name, the Silent City.

13. Attend special events, such as Grand Prix or Medieval Performances.

14. Stop for tea and cake at the Fontanella Tea Garden. Famous for their homemade cakes, with generous portion sizes. With seating both downstairs and upstairs, the upstairs offers the most spectacular views.

15. Pay a visit to St Paul’s Catacombs outside Mdina’s city walls. A series of corridors, cavities, and rooms still bear the original work carved into the stone. The underground chambers were a resting place believed to have been used up to the 8th century.

16. Explore the city fortifications from outside the city. Leave through any of the city gates and study the defensive structures built centuries ago. Outside the city walls are excellent pathways, benches, and open lawn areas, allowing you to get up close to the walls.

Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

Mdina’s Most Attractive Feature

We can say the most attractive feature of Mdina is “Silence.” Our first visit was in the evening. It was so peaceful and mystical, as if the walls had so many stories to tell. You could find yourself stepping back in time and imagining its bustling days long ago.

Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

You will find this small fortified town eerily quiet. Do visit it, especially once the sun has set. No one will bother you or push you into disillusionment. Sit quietly and enjoy the silence in the air. Your only companion will be the dim light of the street lamps.

In almost every small town in the world, you won’t experience an atmosphere of silence or stillness because the construction development is going on continuously. But in Mdina, there are no disturbing noises of modernization. Malta is a country that is going through a tremendous amount of reconstruction. This has caused quite a strain on many of its residents, as well as fear of the over-modernization of the country. In Mdina, you will have no sense of that chaos. Even tourists respect the atmosphere of this city and prefer to keep it quiet. Instead of using bicycles or cars, they go for a calm walk.

It is because of this feature that it is a photographer’s paradise. Photographing this city at night was so much fun, and having whole streets to yourself. Mdina struck us so hard at night that we returned during the day. We are glad we did it that way; though we enjoyed our day visit, it wasn’t nearly as impressive as our visit in the evening.

Malta captured our hearts, and we dedicated a blog post to this great country. Check out Exploring Mighty Malta: A Visitor Guide

When To Visit Mdina

Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

Malta’s weather is one of the primary reasons people come to the Maltese islands throughout the year, with its warm summers, mild winters, and over 3,000 hours of sunshine. The best time to visit Mdina, Malta, is late summer or in the shoulder months of May and October. Malta’s summer temps are reasonable and rarely get over the low 80s. In our view, the ideal months are September and October, when average temps stay in the 70s, and spring temps average in the 60s. Winter highs are in the 50s, so it is a mild climate year-round.

Malta has become a trendy tourist destination, especially among Europeans. During the summer months, you’ll find crowded beaches and resort areas. Even the Blue Lagoon, the famous swimming area of Comino accessible only by boat, can get quite congested in peak season. Mdina will likely get busy as well. We visited in the fall, and during our evening visit to Mdina, we had the place primarily to ourselves. During our day visit, crowds were low too.

Dining in Mdina

Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

As for accommodations in Mdina, there are few dining choices in the small fortified town. But the options there are pretty good. Our hotel recommended Bacchus, and the concierge made the reservations for us. Bacchus offers fine culinary delights in a beautiful medieval building in the heart of Mdina. The restaurant is inside a building that dates back to 1658, and it has outstanding architecture ranging from Roman to Medieval, thus making Bacchus a unique setting. The fare was a mix of French and Mediterranean cuisine. We had a delicious and relaxed meal.

De Monidan restaurant is situated in the 17th-century Xara Palace, which is also a hotel. It is rated as one of the top restaurants in Malta. The restaurant offers a stunning 180-degree view of Malta. Its baroque architecture and attentive service create an enchanting atmosphere that makes for an ideal stop for a romantic dinner. De Mondion offers fine Modern Mediterranean cuisine, combining seasonal products to create tantalizing dishes. We did not get to dine here, but the reviews are exceptional.

Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

Are you looking for a cafe for delicious desserts and coffee or tea? Give Fontanella Tea Garden a visit. It is one of the most popular cafes on the island because of its delicious fare. It is perched on Mdina’s Bastions walls and spread around a central courtyard. As a result, Fontanella offers fantastic and unique panoramic views of the east side of Malta, stretching to the sea. Fontanella is famous for its view and homemade desserts, especially its cakes! The menu contains basic dishes such as baguettes, wraps, salads, and pizzas. Fontanella is a perfect place to have a slice of cake after a day of exploring Mdina.

Keep in mind that nearby Rabat has extensive dining options. You can easily walk from Mdina to Rabat, as it sits right outside the fortified walls.

Where to stay in Mdina

Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

Mdina is a tiny and very protected gem. As a result, there are only two highly rated accommodations: Xara Palace Relais & Chateaux and St Agatha Bastion. The latter looks quite pricey. Just outside the ancient city’s walls is Rabat, which has many choices.

Keep in mind that Malta is a small island; the total length is 27 miles, and the width is only nine miles. Mdina is at one of the island’s highest points in the center. That puts you pretty central to everything. That said, you are not near the ocean but have ocean views in the distance. During our time in Malta, we were on the water at the Malta Hilton in the St Julian area, which we loved. But when we return, it would be very tempting to stay inside the fortified walls of Mdina. The walled city has a magical atmosphere at night -and you’ll be one of the few people walking the silent streets.

Click the links below to search for accommodations and vacation rentals in Malta. Compare each site, as not all options are available at both locations. Always look closely at recent reviews before booking.




Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

Final Thoughts

Mdina, Mdina Malta: The Silent City Visitor Guide

Mdina, Malta, is one of Europe’s most beautiful fortified cities. Despite its compact size, even in Malta, the Silent City is a must-see. Its historical significance to the island is a core part of its history. It’s a small town compared to its ancient days but no less impressive. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the authorities significantly reduced its size. Their main goal was to make it safer from attacks and protect its inhabitants.

Surprisingly, it is not yet a World Heritage Site, but it is on the tentative UNESCO list, and soon it will become an official World Heritage Site in Malta.

The ancient narrow streets, stunning architecture, and great vibes of Mdina assure a memorable experience. When visiting the Mighty island of Malta, do not miss Mdina.

© 2024 Wanderers Compass All Rights Reserved

To learn more about Mdina and the neighboring city of Rabat, check out Malta’s official tourism website.

Passionate about travel? Subscribe to our Wanderers Compass Community

Our quarterly newsletters will inspire your wanderlust

Want to learn about Wanderers Compass?

Considering a trip to Malta? Check out our Malta Country Guide for lots of fun and essential information.


Our favorite travel insurance site!

If you book a trip, don’t forget to get travel insurance within 14 days of your first booking. We could not be stronger advocates of being well-insured. Not just for the little stuff but the big things like medical emergencies. We never leave home without it. Over the years, we have used many sites but have now found our go-to place. Squaremouth.com does a fantastic job; it has a user-friendly interface, uses top-rated and reputable insurance carriers, and most policies cover COVID-19 medical issues and cancellations. They also mediate on your behalf if you have problems with your policy.

To empower you as a consumer, we suggest you read our blog post on the importance of travel insurance and how to get the best coverage from top-rated companies for an affordable price.


Medical transport back home from anywhere in the world

They are the premier global air medical transport. One caveat to travel insurance is that medical evacuation usually gets you to the closest facility to care for you. Medjet gets you back to the U.S. to the hospital of your choice once you are stable enough to fly. They cover COVID-related transport as well.

Medjet carries its own policies. These policies are only for transport and do not cover other aspects of travel insurance. They have individual trip policies starting at $99 and annual policies for around $300. Most of their policies limit the age to 74 and younger. Prices are not based on age below that.

To learn more about how Medical Evacuation membership with Medjet Assist works, check out our blog post for a more detailed review.  


Hotels, home rentals, BNBs, flights, and other transportation & tours 

Expedia is a US-based company whose mission is to power global travel for everyone and everywhere. Whether planning a family vacation, booking for business, or organizing the trip of a lifetime, they are a fantastic resource. Wanderers Compass focuses on independent travel, and using sites like Expedia makes that possible. Every aspect of travel you need, from airfare, accommodations, rental car, and cruises to activities to do at your destination, can be booked on Expedia.  


Hotels, Home rentals, BNBs, Flights, and other Transportation & Tours 

Booking.com connects millions of travelers to memorable experiences, various transportation options, and incredible places to stay – from homes to hotels and much more. It is one of the world’s largest travel marketplaces for established brands and entrepreneurs of all sizes.

We always check Expedia and Booking.com to verify prices. At times, one is sold out of rooms while another at the same place has rooms. We also often find some European hotels, especially smaller ones, on Booking.com but not on Expedia. It could be they are a Europe-based company. Try both before booking accommodations.

Vacation Rental By Owner (VRBO)

Are you traveling with a family or having an extended stay at your destination?

With over 2 million bookable vacation rentals, VRBO connects homeowners with families and vacationers looking for something more than a hotel for their trip. The VRBO community offers families or groups various rental property types such as condos, cabins, lake rentals, beach houses, etc.

VRBO is now under the Expedia group’s ownership, which many were worried about, but it hasn’t panned out to be a concern. It is a massive network with access to all lodging forms should issues arise. Joelle has used VRBO for many years with her family and has had no problems with it.


As the leading marketplace for travel experiences, Viator believes that making memories is what travel is all about. And with 300,000+ experiences to explore—everything from simple tours to extreme adventures (and all the niche, interesting stuff in between)—making memories that will last a lifetime has never been easier.

With industry-leading flexibility and last-minute availability, it’s never too late to make any day extraordinary. This one site has it all and has experiences throughout the world. We use them often during our travels, especially for food tours. We especially take the time to read the reviews provided.


An excellent source for travel essentials and guides

We now have our own Amazon Storefront with all our favorite travel accessories and gear in one place. Check out our travel store at the link below.

Wanderers Compass Amazon Storefront

Amazon is one of the most comprehensive online shopping sources in the world. Teams worldwide provide lower prices, better selection, and rapid delivery on behalf of customers. They offer a vast inventory, and their 1.7 million small and medium businesses worldwide selling on Amazon.com offer extensive options to customers.

We buy most of our travel books, accessories, and luggage from Amazon. We have ordered up to two days before travel and get what we need.


This is not your ordinary drinkware company. The HYDAWAY difference is what their products do when you’re not using them. Practical and portable, HYDAWAY doesn’t take up unnecessary space in your already-packed life or pile up in landfills. We all know that trying to pack light while being environmentally conscious can be difficult. Having the right items can make a world of difference. HYDAWAY provides that.

We have used their collapsible water bottle, carrying case for the water bottle, and collapsible insulated drink tumbler. They are all lightweight and durable. A conservation-focused product you can be proud to buy.

Use our Promo Code. WANCOM15, at checkout for 15% off your Hydaway order

Welcome Pick-ups
(Airport and sightseeing service)

A global leader in ground transportation for travelers. They help hundreds of companies worldwide enhance their services and boost their revenue with our 5-star ride experiences and hassle-free automation.

Founded in 2015 in Athens, Greece, Welcome Pick-ups goes above and beyond the standard transfer service as the first company to deliver a holistic, in-destination travel experience. From the moment a traveler arrives at a new destination until they return home, Welcome accommodates all their travel needs (transfers, travel products, things to do, information) as the easiest, friendliest, and most personalized solution.


Do you feel like you are wasting time visiting an on-site photographer only to be embarrassed by the photo? Would you like control of the final product? Get the perfect VISA or passport photo online with PhotoAID.

When traveling, you often need to apply for official documents such as a passport, ID, and different kinds of licenses or cards. Those applications require a picture that must meet specific conditions to be accepted, depending on the country. Now, it is possible to take this picture at home without the help of a professional photographer. PhotoAiD allows you to take the perfect biometric photo you approve without leaving home.

This article contains affiliate links. If you use these links to buy something, we may earn a small commission at no additional cost to you. Thank you!

Do you have a question for us or have a comment?

check out our most recent blog posts

Passionate about travel? Subscribe to our Wanderers Compass Community

Our quarterly newsletters will inspire your wanderlust


IMG 8134 scaled

Passionate about travel? Subscribe to our Wanderers Compass Community

Our quarterly newsletters will inspire your wanderlust

No spam, unsubscribe at any time, no more than one email a month