Luxembourg Motto: We want to remain what we are
Top Five Destinations In Luxembourg
- Luxembourg City Is a small city full of life and beauty. Marvel at its history, ancient fortifications, treelined cobblestone streets, and lush parks. Wander the Old Quarter, Parc Merveilleux, and the impressive Citadel, Climb the Corniche walls, visit the impressive Gate of Grund, or stroll along the river.
- Bock Casemates in Luxembourg City Is a subterranean defense system made up of 11 miles of tunnels and fascinating history and is one of Luxembourg’s most important visitor sites. These underground galleries were carved out in the 17th-century while under Spanish rule and have been extended twice. There is also an archaeological crypt and an antechamber to the casemates, which are worth adding to your visit.
- Vianden Castle And the town of Vianden are some of the most scenic in Luxembourg. Surrounded by a medieval outer wall with guard towers throughout. The castle built in the 9th century sits above the town in all its glory. Take the chairlift and partake in the gorgeous views of the countryside.
- Bourscheid Castle This 10th century beautifully preserved castle is located in an area rich with outdoor activities and a charming village to enjoy.
- Echternach This lovely quaint town on the banks of the River Sure near Germany, is a gem. Step back in time as you wander the winding streets full of lovely old homes and medieval architecture.
Did you know?
- Population: 628,381
- Capital City: Luxembourg
- Currency Euro (EUR)
- Government type: Constitutional Monarchy
- Prime Minister: Xavier Bettel
- Ethnic groups: Luxembourger 51.1%, Portuguese 15.7%, French 7.5%, Italian 3.6%, Belgian 3.3%, German 2.1%, other 16.7%
- Language: Luxembourgish (official administrative and judicial language and national language (spoken vernacular) 55.8%, Portuguese 15.7%, French (official administrative, judicial, and legislative language) 12.1%, German (official administrative and judicial language) 3.1%, Italian 2.9%, English 2.1%, other 8.4%, Luxembourgish
- Religions: Christian (predominantly Roman Catholic) 70.4%, Muslim 2.3%, other (includes Buddhist, folk religions, Hindu, Jewish) 0.5%, none 26.8%
- State Department Risk Level: 3 due to Covid
- Terrorist groups: N/A
- GDP 71.10 billion.
- Luxembourg is the second richest country in the world (GDP per capita).
- Luxembourg is a landlocked country bordered by Belgium to the West, France to the South, and Germany to the east.
- Being 1000 square miles, Luxembourg is one of the smallest countries in the world.
- The state of Rhode Island is a little larger than Luxembourg.
- It is the only Grand Duchy in the world.
- Luxembourg is one of the world’s major financial and business centers and a tax haven.
- Leading industries include; banking and financial, steel, chemical, information technology, and agriculture.
- Inventions: self disinfecting masks, freezer pops, the pool noodle, slip, and slide.
- Forests cover more than one-third of this tiny country.
- The world’s top steel-producing company is based in Luxembourg.
- Luxembourg has the highest minimum wage in the European Union.
- Life expectancy is 82 years old.
- Literacy rate 99%.
- Visit Restaurant Chiggeri in Luxembourg’s capital city, and you can order wine from the world’s largest wine list. It offers more than 2,200 choices.
- Le Chemin de la Corniche is a pedestrian walkway built along the ramparts’ tops on the eastern side of Le Chemin’s fortress-city. Its nickname is “Europe’s most beautiful balcony.” We totally agree.
- It has the second-largest cigarette consumption per capita in the world.
- Nearly half of Luxembourg’s workforce commutes to work in Luxembourg from another country.
- Luxembourg became one of the leading backers of international co-operation after World War II.
- All of Luxembourg City is a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of its historic fortifications and old quarters.
- Most Luxembourgans are typically tri-lingual. French, German, and Luxembourgish.
- Luxembourg has the highest rate of car ownership in the world.
- The highest court in the EU in matters of EU law is located in Luxembourg.
- The country’s name originated from the Lucilinburhuc (“little fortress”) castle bought by Siegfried, count of Ardennes, in 963 C.E., which marked the foundation of Luxembourg.
- Luxembourg is among the twelve founding member countries of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
- Skype’s corporate headquarters and the European headquarters of Amazon, Paypal, to name a few, are based in Luxembourg because it is a known strong financial center and tax haven.
- The Bourscheid Castle is the largest among the 75 castles in the country that still stand today.
- The Moselle valley produces excellent wines from nine grape varieties: Riesling, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Gewürztraminer, Auxerrois, Rivaner, Pinot Noir, Elbling, and Chardonnay.
- Gromperekichelcher – potato pancakes made from potatoes, onions, parsley, egg, and flour – is the national snack.
- Quetsch is a Luxembourg traditional alcoholic drink made from plums.
- There are about 11 miles of underground tunnels cut from the solid rock under the capital city.
Good to know before you go
- Tipping does occur in Luxembourg, as opposed to the rest of the EU. At restaurants and bars, the tip is normally 15%. Hotels 2-3 euros a night for housekeeping and 1-2 euros for a bellhop. Car services and taxis are about 10%. Spas, personal services, tipping are not expected.
- Credits cards are accepted everywhere.
- Overall, clothing is stylish and well kept. Keep in mind in the city, most workers come from out of the country; they don’t reside there. We found many people walking around in casual and formal business attire. There were jeans, trousers, and comfortable shoes when dressed outside of business attire. The locals seemed to like brighter colors.
- Luxembourg has a good network of highways (toll-free) and secondary roads. Speeding and traffic offenses, in general, are subject to hefty fines. You pay on the spot. No getting home and saying, oh well, not going back anytime soon. They have this covered.
- Luxembourg’s fuel is one of the cheapest in the EU. So fill there if heading to another country.
- Family always comes first in Luxembourg; it’s normal for parents to remain deeply involved with their child’s lives and adulthood choices. You may see many families with their children in all settings. The parks were full of families.
- The people of Luxembourg are private by nature and give off a feeling of being formal and reserved. They are not rude and or unfriendly, but the personal expression is held back. Recognize that as who they are and do not take it personally if you don’t feel a strong welcome.
- Greetings are more formal, and you do not use first names unless they offer. The most common greeting is a brief handshake. Touching is not something you will see during conversations, even among close friends. Pointing is impolite to the locals so avoid that.
- Certain behaviors will not win favors in Luxembourg. Chewing gum and putting your feet on a chair or table will gain some disapproving looks.
- Good manners are important to the Luxembourg people. They practice them as well. Being blunt is considered rude behavior, and punctuality is taken very seriously. If you are late, you are seen as unreliable and should offer an apology and explanation.
- Bouneshclupp (a green bean soup) and Gromperenzopp (a potato soup with leeks, egg yolks, and cream) are Luxembourg’s specialties.
- Another traditional dish, The “Luxembourg Menu,” is a meat platter of cooked and smoked hams, pâté, and sausage served with hard-boiled eggs, pickles, and fresh tomatoes.
- Table manners are important in Luxembourg. While eating, do not rest your elbows on the table, and your hands should be visible at all times and not in your lap. Most foods are eaten with utensils, even sandwiches. You hold your knife in your right hand and your fork in your left when eating. To communicate, you have finished eating, lay your knife and fork parallel across the right side of your plate. If attending a formal affair, you will be likely be shown to a particular seat.
- Guest etiquette dictates you must always bring a gift if invited to someone’s home; chocolates or flowers are ideal. Give flowers in odd numbers (but never 13), and don’t bring chrysanthemums as they are reserved for funerals.
- Smoking in Luxembourg is prevalent. Smoking in closed public spaces, including bars and cafes, is banned. You can not smoke with children in the car or on the playground. You will be fined for any smoking violation.
- Luxembourg is one of the world’s safest countries and the safest country to visit in Europe. It is economically and politically stable.
When to go to Luxembourg
Luxembourg, a small land-locked country between Belgium, France, and Germany, has a moderately continental climate, with cold winters and mild summers.
Luxembourg’s best time is mid-May to mid-September since it is the mildest weather month of the year. In this period, the temperature is generally pleasant, and the weather is variable; the sun alternates with cloudy skies. Rain and thunderstorms are always possible so prepare for them.
From a travel perspective, the shoulder season, April to early May and October, will help you avoid crowds. However, Luxembourg is not known for being as packed as other EU countries.
Winters are quite cold, wet with short days. Since walking Luxembourg City is such an important element of your visit, this might be hindered.
- Summer 52-73 °F (11-73 °C)
- Spring 36-64 °F (2-18 °C)
- Fall 36-64 °F (2-18 °C)
- Winter 28-45 °F (-1–9)
Our Favorite Luxembourg Resources
This resource section contains some Amazon affiliate links. If you use these links to buy something, we may earn a small commission at no additional cost to you. Thank you!
Luxembourg was part of our seven-country trip. We gave a full day on our way to Belgium. It is well worth more time if you can. Travel guides dedicated to Luxembourg are rare, but we found good info in the Lonely Planet guide. We listed one more guide below that others have said was very valuable though we have not tried it ourselves. We quoted the review from Amazon. Online resources for us were of the greatest use.
A passport to the most relevant, up-to-date advice, the highlights Luxembourg has to offer, and what hidden discoveries await you. Detailed info to plan your visit to the Unesco World Heritage Luxembourg City and other lovely stops in this small but fascinating country. This is also a great resource for Belgium. Discover this travel guide here
“Luxembourg remains the only comprehensive English-language guide to focus exclusively on this small but fascinating European country. Included are detailed reviews of the best places to stay and eat in all price categories, from luxury to budget; information about every museum and significant place of interest in the country; in-depth guides to local food, drink, language and culture; and guides to the best cycling and hiking trails, many of the latter having been personally tested and explored by the author.” Find this guide here
Our favorite websites
2. US Department of State: Bureau of Consular Affairs Greece Country Info
We cannot encourage you enough to visit this website as you plan and prepare for your trip. This is the US Federal Government addressing the safety, security, travel risk, entry, exit, visa documents mandates, emergency US and Embassy contacts, health, local laws, special circumstances, threats, traveler vulnerabilities, government warnings, and transportation In Luxembourg. This is your best and most reliable resource for all this important info. Check back often before you go, as things can change quickly. Being prepared is essential in all travel, but especially internationally.
3. The Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Travelers Health Resource
This CDC travel resource provides essential health info for your specific destination. Using their tool, you can determine which vaccines, medications, and health advice recommendations are needed for Luxembourg.
Our favorite maps
Accurate and easy-to-read road map with practical road and travel information. E Major sites and landmarks are well marked. Mapped road network with distances and designations for major highways to the off-the-beaten-path roads. City maps provide excellent details. Though we default to Google maps, this came in handy in planning and when lost cell service. Find this essential map here
Our favorite apps
Rome2rio: Trip Planner Trip and Holiday Organizer Enter any address, landmark, or city in the app will instantly display all your travel options, booking info, along with accommodation providers and things to do. Find on your local app store.
Duolingo-Language Lesson Audio lessons that help improve your listening and speaking skills. Fin don your local app store
Google Translate We used this often to practice proper pronunciations of words. Two of the three languages spoken, German and French, in Luxembourg, are available. As we always encourage, it is essential to learn the basics to greet and thank people in the local language. Google translate was an easy app to use. If needed, you can enter text in English, and it will speak back in whatever language you need to aid in communicating with locals. Furthermore, it came in very handy to translate text into images instantly.
Do you have a favorite Luxembourg travel resource? Share your favorites in the comments section at the bottom of this page or