fbpx
Menu
Destinations / Italy

Monreale Cathedral: A Visitors Guide

Monreale Cathedral, Monreale Cathedral: A Visitors Guide

“Anyone who comes to Palermo without seeing Monreale arrives on a donkey and leaves as an ass”

Old Sicilian Saying

Few places represent the merging of cultures more than the Monreale Cathedral, which resides in a hillside town about four miles south of Palermo in Northern Sicily, Italy overlooking groves of olive, orange, and almond trees.

The Cathedral is one of the most outstanding remaining examples of Norman Architecture. This massive church, a grand monument to faith, was built between 1170 and 1189. In 2015 it became a UNESCO Heritage Site as part of the Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalú and Monreale.

The History of Monreale Cathedral

Monreale Cathedral, Monreale Cathedral: A Visitors Guide

The spectacular Monreale Cathedral is a 12th-century cultural fusion of Norman aspirations, Fatimid architecture, and stunning Byzantine mosaics. The Church was built under the Norman reign of William II and dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Monreale, at the time, was a sophisticated and prosperous city where diverse populations enjoyed ethnic and religious tolerance. Muslims, Christians, and Jews lived together peacefully and collectively, contributing to each other’s heritage. They worked side-by-side to create a monument dedicated to the Virgin Mary. The Monreale Cathedral is a living example of what merging cultures can create.

The Merging of Cultures

The Church was built under the reign of William II, starting in 1172. Before the Normans arrived, Sicily was ruled by the Fatimids of North Africa during the IX and X centuries. The Normans appreciated their talents. Many of these people were artists, artisans, engineers, mathematicians, and intellectuals; as a result, their culture was absorbed and is deeply reflected in the Cathedral’s architecture and its beautiful marble floors with geometric patterns. The Byzantine element is responsible for the mosaics that cover the entire walls. It is a Catholic cathedral, built during the Norman Kingdom but created by Fatimid and Byzantine artists, each contributing their own culture.

Monreale Cathedral, Monreale Cathedral: A Visitors Guide

The True Wonder: The Mosaics at Monreale Cathedral

The mosaics don’t end there; they grace all the walls and ceiling of this immense structure. About 6,400 square meters of mosaics are made of gold, silver, enamels, glass, and marble. Historians believe there are almost 4,000 pounds of pure gold in the mosaics. In a brilliant tapestry of faith, the tiny mosaics meticulously portray the stories of the Old and New Testaments. They are a storybook, each scene depicting a different chapter. The Monreale Cathedral is the most extensive collection of mosaics in Italy.

Look closely at the pictures; they appear to be paintings at times vs. millions upon millions of tiny tiles. It was mesmerizing to study these mosaics in person. It is also beyond comprehension how this was done in the 1100s without modern technology or equipment. The craftsmanship and artistry will have you spellbound from the moment you enter.

Monreale Cathedral, Monreale Cathedral: A Visitors Guide

What to visit in the Cathedral

There are many beautiful elements to this remarkable Cathedral: the lovely cloister with 208 columns, the mystical nave, the beautiful Sanctuary, the intricate façade, roof, and exterior. But the wonder of the Monreale Cathedral is the Choir, the main Church. High above the main altar is Christ’s image in an exquisite mosaic that rests just above the mosaic of his mother, Mary.

A brief description of each element to visit in the Monreale Cathedral

The Cloister

Monreale Cathedral, Monreale Cathedral: A Visitors Guide

Monreale’s cloister of the Benedictine monk features 208 columns, each decorated with smooth, carved, or enhanced geometric compositions. They built Monreale simultaneously with the Church and the rest of the monastery. The cloister is extraordinary. This was where the monks prayed, contemplated, wrote, and dedicated themselves to nature. There are aspects of the cloister that not only speak of Arab and Byzantine artisans but artists coming from elsewhere in Italy, as well as from Provence, France.

The Central Nave

Monreale Cathedral, Monreale Cathedral: A Visitors Guide

The basilican nave is vast, with narrow aisles. On each side of the aisles are monolithic columns of grey oriental granite with one which is marble. Columns support eight pointed arches. The ceiling is open woodwork with a shallow pitch, richly decorated with color.

Magnificent mosaics in the main Cathedral are an explosion of hues in a massive tapestry of faith. The cycle of the mosaics depicts the story of the Bible, old and New Testament. Christ Pantocrator is the most prominent figure in the center, symbolizing the creator of everything, the all-powerful. Your eyes are drawn to it the moment you enter the room. At every angle, the eyes of Christ seem to follow you. The cycle of mosaics, one of the largest in Italy, portrays the story of Jesus, his death, and the stories of the apostles. Each scene has captions written in Latin. At the time very few people read, these images may have had a purpose to convey, or shall we say, re-educate the people and attempt to legitimize a new power.

There are several tombs within the Cathedral, including the Cathedral’s founder, King William II, nicknamed The Good of Sicily, and many members of his family. Interestingly the King of France, Louis IX, rests here because his brother was King Charles of Naples.

The Roano Chapel

Monreale Cathedral, Monreale Cathedral: A Visitors Guide

The chapel is on the left, near the front of the church. You can easily miss it but don’t as it is remarkable. It contains the most extensive evidence of Norman mosaic art and is extraordinary and stunning.

Royal tombs in this space include Margaret of Navarre, Mother of Good King William II, and her sons Henry and Roger, who died prematurely. The St. Louis IX King of France, who died in the crusade of Tunis in 1270, has his viscera and heart buried here. The Crucifix Chapel is quite a masterpiece within the chapel due to its vibrant intermixed marble polychromy and exceptional inlaid decorations on the walls and floor. 

The Terrace of the Monreale Cathedral

Monreale Cathedral, Monreale Cathedral: A Visitors Guide

A staircase carved into the southern tower takes you to the top of the Cathedral. Along the way, you will come across exposed vestments and silvers of the Cathedral. The roof itself is beautiful, colorful, and fascinating. At the top, the walkway runs almost the entirety of the church. The views of the valley, town, and hillside are gorgeous. We were glad we took extra time to do this part of the visit.

The Diocesan Museum

Monreale Cathedral, Monreale Cathedral: A Visitors Guide

The space housing the Diocesan Museum of Monreale, a Museum of Christian Art that represents the faith and devotion of the Diocese at that time, is lovely. It is within the Archbishop’s Palace.

The first floor has an access corridor that holds stone material from various parts of the Diocese and leads to the Benedictine cloister. The great hall has a magnificent tapestry depicting the famous theme of William’s Dream. Showcases on the walls hold side altars and other altarpieces. One room faces the inside of the Cathedral, offering impressive views of the mosaics. The second room has works from the sixteenth century. It provides a close-up view of the exterior decoration of the Cathedral’s apses.

The second floor has a hall displaying the wallpapers and furnishings commissioned by the Archbishops. The floor also overlooks the cloister, providing a different perspective from above.
You will find a separate anthropological section that brings together some devotional works.

The Exterior

Monreale Cathedral, Monreale Cathedral: A Visitors Guide

Take the time to wander around the structures to examine the beautiful exterior facade.

How to get to Monreale Cathedral

The location is just a few miles from Palermo. There are four options to get to the Cathedral. We had a car, so we can’t speak to our personal experience for most options.

  1. Taxis can be pricey, and they aren’t the friendliest at times.
  2. Organized Tours include pick-up/drop-off with the cost usually. The best part is a professional guide accompanies you.
  3. Are you driving yourself? This is what we did, and it was quick. There are parking garages nearby and some street parking.
  4. Public Transportation. Some buses reach the area, but there are many complications, and it is lengthy. They have limited hours as well. You can pick them up in the Piazza Indipendenza. The buses are the AST bus and the AMAT 389 bus. These can change, so verify before boarding.

Planning a visit to Italy? Check out our Italy Travel Guide

Entry and Opening Hours

Monreale Cathedral, Monreale Cathedral: A Visitors Guide

*Plan for about two hours to visit if you take in all options.*

Opening Hours (please verify as times may change)

Cathedral, Diocesan Museum, Roano Chapel and Terraces

Monday – Saturday
9 am – 1:00 pm, 2:30 pm – 5 pm

Sun and Religious Holidays:
2:30 pm – 4:45 pm (due to services)

Cloister Monday to Saturday
9.00 to 19.00
Sunday and Religious Holidays 9 am to 1:30 pm

We arrived just as they were closing for lunch and were not informed when buying our entry ticket. Luckily the town has many restaurants to try. They were closed from 12:45 to 2:30. On weekends; it is 10:00 am to 2:30 pm, or mass and lunch. Plan accordingly.

Cost

Cloister only € 6.00

Combo Ticket for Cloister, Cathedral, Museum, Terrace, and Chapel € 12.00

There is limited access during Covid, so buying tickets online is suggested. Click here

The Town of Monreale

Monreale Cathedral, Monreale Cathedral: A Visitors Guide

Monreale is located on the slope of Monte Caputo, overlooking the fertile valley of the Golden Shell. The area is full of orange, olive, and almond trees; they export the produce in large quantities. The views are quite lovely. Monreale, which has a population of approximately 39,000, is primarily known for its delicious bread.

There is the fortified convent of Castellaccio built in the 12th century. The Abbey Church of San Martino delle Scale, founded in the 6th century AD, is a nice stop with several other churches to pop into if you stroll the town.

Where to eat

Monreale Cathedral, Monreale Cathedral: A Visitors Guide

The town had many restaurants, especially in the square at the Cathedral’s front. We found this funky fantastic little place we adored, Osteria Pepers. It is across from the museum entrance. Address is Via Cappuccini Palermo, 6, 90046 Monreale.

The food options are a mix of Italian, Mediterranean, Sicilian, Southern Italian, and Brew Pub fare. The presentation was beautiful, with a relaxed feel to the place.

It has a rock music theme, with some cool memorabilia from the rock era. Check out reviews on Trip Advisor.

Where to stay in the area

We stayed in Palermo, and it was a quick drive. Our suggestion is to stay there. Here are two links to research hotels in the area; click on the site’s name. We recommend both.

It is important to price out properties on various sites. Expedia is a US-based company, whereas Booking.com is Europe based. Not all properties appear on both. If the establishment has a website, check the price there as well.

Monreale Cathedral, Monreale Cathedral: A Visitors Guide

Final thoughts

Our visit to the Monreale Cathedral was a stop before Segesta. It was meant to be a shortstop, but we were there for hours. It deserves that much time. There is something unique and dramatic about this Cathedral. It is a work of art, as many are, but this was extraordinary. The mosaics are powerful and beautiful. The story behind the church is fascinating and a testament to what can build when several cultures work together. It is a place you do not want to miss. As the introduction quote noted, and we agree, don’t leave an ass by missing this wonder.

© 2024 Wanderers Compass All Rights Reserved

Want to learn about Wanderers Compass?

Travel Insurance

Squaremouth.com
Our favorite travel insurance site!

We could not be stronger advocates of being well-insured—not just for the little stuff but for the big things like medical emergencies. We never leave home without it. Our go-to place is Squaremouth.com. It does a fantastic job with its user-friendly interface and uses top-rated and reputable insurance carriers. They also mediate on your behalf if you have problems.

To empower you as a consumer, we suggest you read our blog post on the importance of travel insurance and how to get the best coverage from top-rated companies for an affordable price.

MedjetAssist
Medical transport back home from anywhere in the world

They are the premier global air medical transport. One caveat to travel insurance is that medical evacuation usually gets you to the closest facility to care for you. Medjet gets you back to the U.S. to the hospital of your choice once you are stable enough to fly. A Medjet membership is only for medical transport. Medjet Horizon offers expanded coverage. They have individual trip policies starting at $99 and annual policies for around $300. Most of their policies limit the age to 74.

To learn more about how Medical Evacuation membership with Medjet Assist works, check out our blog post for a more detailed review.  

Accommodations & Experiences

Expedia.com and VRBO
Hotels, home rentals, BNBs, flights, and other transportation & tours 

Expedia is a US-based company whose mission is to power global travel for everyone and everywhere. Wanderers Compass focuses on independent travel, and using sites like Expedia makes that possible. Every aspect of travel you need, from airfare, accommodations, rental car, and cruises to activities to do at your destination, can be booked on Expedia.  

Booking.com
Hotels, Home rentals, BNBs, Flights, and other Transportation & Tours 

Booking.com connects millions of travelers to memorable experiences, various transportation options, and incredible places to stay – from homes to hotels and much more. It is one of the world’s largest travel marketplaces for established brands and entrepreneurs of all sizes. It is our preferred booking site.

Viator
The leading marketplace for travel experiences

Viator believes that making memories is what travel is all about. And with 300,000+ experiences to explore—everything from simple tours to extreme adventures (and all the niche, interesting stuff in between)—making memories that will last a lifetime has never been easier. We use them often during our travels and love their liberal cancellation policy.

Shopping

Wanderers Compass Amazon Storefront
An excellent source for all travel essentials and guides

Amazon is one of the most comprehensive online shopping sources in the world. Teams worldwide provide lower prices, better selection, and rapid delivery on behalf of customers. They offer a vast inventory, and their 1.7 million small and medium businesses worldwide selling on Amazon.com offer extensive options to customers.

HYDAWAY

This is not your ordinary drinkware company. The HYDAWAY difference is what their products do when you’re not using them. Practical and portable, HYDAWAY doesn’t take up unnecessary space in your already-packed life or pile up in landfills. We have used their collapsible water bottle, carrying case for the water bottle, and collapsible insulated drink tumbler. They are all lightweight and durable. This is a conservation-focused product you can be proud to buy.

Use our Promo Code. WANCOM15, at checkout for 15% off your Hydaway order

This article contains affiliate links. If you use these links to buy something, we may earn a small commission at no additional cost to you. Thank you!

Do you have a question for us or have a comment?

Monreale Cathedral

No Comments

    Leave a Reply

    IMG 8134 scaled

    Passionate about travel? Subscribe to our Wanderers Compass Community

    Our quarterly newsletters will inspire your wanderlust

    No spam, unsubscribe at any time, no more than one email a month